View Abstracts

Are you a graduate student interested in managing ocean and coastal resources? The NOAA Sea Grant John A. Knauss Marine Policy Fellowship can allow you to work in Washington, D.C., for one year to help protect marine resources while learning more about national issues that involve natural resources. A competitive application process will match you ...

3-Minute Lightning Talk

As sea levels rise around the globe, adaption is becoming increasingly critical to ensure resilience of our coastal communities, ecosystems, and economies. Though sea levels are rising around the globe, sea level is not rising at the same rate everywhere. In addition to the global rise in sea level, known as eustatic sea-level rise (SLR), there are...

3-Minute Lightning Talk

The number and severity of hurricanes in the Gulf Coast are increasing, resulting in intensified disturbance to coastal forest communities. Atlantic white-cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides) grows no further than one hundred miles from the coast, making the species and associated plant communities particularly vulnerable to large-scale disturbances such...

Oral Presentation

Recognizing that coastal communities are at risk to natural, economic, and technological disasters, the Gulf of Mexico Alliance and Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant Consortium provided small grants for communities to build capacity for responding to future disasters in the Gulf of Mexico through the NOAA Regional Coastal Resilience Grant. While signif...

Oral Presentation

Coastal marshes, which provide a number of ecosystem services including flood control, nutrient regulation, carbon sequestration, and wildlife habitat, have been experiencing extensive loss due to sea level rise (SLR) in addition to other natural and anthropogenic factors. One way in which coastal marshes can respond to SLR is through landward migr...

Oral Presentation

Oyster reefs are important ecosystems that provide invaluable services for coastal communities. Crassostrea virginica populations in the northern Gulf of Mexico have suffered heavy losses in the 21st century due to alterations in water quality from various disasters, including openings of the Bonnet Carré Spillway. These flooding events reduce sal...

Oral Presentation

The 8-county Gulf-Houston Regional Conservation Plan (RCP) is a long-term collaborative of environmental, business, and governmental entities working together to implement an ecosystem resilience plan for the large Gulf-Houston region through 3 Key Goals: 1) Increasing the current 14.7% in protected/preserved land in the eight-county region to 24% ...

Oral Presentation

Each year the Environmental Studies Center (ESC), which is a part of Mobile County Public Schools, holds special classes for high school Biology and Environmental Science students. This past year, the SEA ICE Program (Student Enrichment Activities in Coastal Ecology) incorporated the study of the impact of microplastics in our local waters. Working...

3-Minute Lightning Talk

The Mobile Bay National Estuary Program has been implementing a comprehensive management strategy to reduce the population of Island Apple Snails in an urban watershed in Mobile, Alabama. Invasive species management was identified as a priority for habitat restoration in the Three Mile Creek Watershed Management Plan published in 2014. In 2019, RES...

Oral Presentation

Natural shorelines provide ecosystem services that are integral to maintaining healthy and resilient coastal ecosystems and communities. However, anthropogenic and environmental stressors are reducing the extent of natural shorelines and, thus, their capacity to provide critical ecosystem services. Small-scale private property owners own an overwhe...

Oral Presentation

Federal fishery management is a complex regulatory world, full of acronyms and obscure processes. Decades ago, the Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant Legal Program (MASGLP) issued Understanding Fisheries Management, a manual last revised in 2005. Since then, fishery management has changed, as has technology. MASGLP is updating the manual not only in con...

Oral Presentation

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are highly harmful environmental pollutant particularly relevant to waterways. These molecules have characteristic absorption and fluorescence spectra; however, their low effective concentrations makes their chemical sensing and quantitation challenging. We established that these hydrocarbons modulate the emi...

Oral Presentation

GeoCoast is an interactive, web-based tool that allows for the simulation of coastal flooding and sea level rise along the Mississippi Coast. GeoCoast is publicly accessible and allows users to visualize sea level rise impacts in both two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) environments. In each of the viewers users can identify the impacts...

3-Minute Lightning Talk

Gulf TREE is a filter-based search engine designed to match users with relevant climate resilience tools quickly, easily, and confidently. It does this by sorting through the over-100 tools relevant to the Gulf of Mexico and matching users with one that meets their criteria. The web resource, released February 2018, was created by the Northern Gulf...

3-Minute Lightning Talk

Dog River Clearwater Revival (DRCR) is a 25-year-old place-based nonprofit whose sole mission is to improve the water quality of and access to Mobile’s urban river and its many tributary creeks and streams. In order to successfully achieve its mission, DRCR realized there was needed to fully understand the many factors contributing to water quali...

Oral Presentation

The West Indian manatee, which lives at the interface of freshwater and marine systems, can serve as a representative model for potential vulnerability of nearshore species to in-water construction activities. In coastal Alabama, planned construction projects including the Mobile River Bridge and Bayway widening and Mobile ship channel expansion ma...

Oral Presentation

Presentation will highlight the steps taken to formally adopt a Program for Public Information in the city of Orange Beach, Alabama. The Program for Public Information, also known as a PPI, is a public policy approach developed by FEMA to better coordinate flood risk and communication at the local level. Participants in the session will learn how s...

Oral Presentation

The Mississippi Sound and Bight is a dynamic region to the east of the well-studied Texas/Louisiana shelf. Riverine input, variable winds, tidal exchange, and a complex coastal geography all play a role in the ecosystem dynamics of this economically important region. The Mississippi Sound and Mississippi Bight exchange coastal waters and represent ...

Oral Presentation

As part of the implementation of their EPA Gulf of Mexico Program grant to develop a Comprehensive Trash Abatement Program for the Dog River Watershed, Dog River Clearwater Revival (DRCR), a grassroots, place-based nonprofit began developing a protocol to determine trash transport routes throughout the 95 square mile urban watershed. Using satellit...

Oral Presentation

The Sarasota-Manatee region is one of the most vulnerable areas in the United States to impacts from sea level rise and coastal flooding. A group of local environmental and science organizations were surveyed in 2018 to determine the extent of existing resources for climate change education and outreach to use with their guests and employees. This ...

Oral Presentation

The City of Mobile, Alabama is using a multi-pronged, multi partner approach to attacking litter in their city. Projects include Trash Traps, Litter Boats, Marine Debris Interceptors, Vacuum ATLVs and Right of Way Litter Cleanups. Each project involves a unique partnership with different private and public entities. By utilizing this multi-faceted ...

Oral Presentation

The Mobile Bay National Estuary Program (MBNEP) secured funding from the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF) Gulf Environmental Benefit Fund (GEBF) to perform engineering and design studies to develop a solution to stabilize and protect priority in-river wetland spits and restore marshland throughout the intertidal portions of lower Fowl R...

Oral Presentation

Hydrologic models were developed and calibrated for multiple watersheds in Mobile and Baldwin Counties. The models have been calibrated to real time events using weather stations and stream gauges with telemetry installed at strategic locations within the basins. These models can be used for storm water management on a watershed level. The watershe...

Oral Presentation

In 2019, a GIS analysis was performed to produce a status and trends report to measure habitat loss or gain from previous studies. In 2016, the MBNEP produced habitat maps of Mobile and Baldwin counties at one-meter resolution. Due to the higher resolution of the 2016 imagery and a new methodology for classifying habitats, the habitat map product p...

Oral Presentation

Submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) is often an important, yet understudied, process in coastal estuarine systems. In the western Mississippi Sound, samples were taken of surface waters for chemical species typically enriched in SGD (i.e., Ra quartet, Ba, methane, 222Rn, nutrients). Mass balance approaches were used on the radon and radium isotop...

Oral Presentation

Marine debris discarded in or transported onto marshes can negatively impact vegetation and shoreline stability. Such loss of habitat is of concern to coastal areas in the northern Gulf of Mexico due to ongoing habitat degradation and erosion as well as receding shorelines resulting from sea-level rise. This study aims to quantify the loss of veget...

3-Minute Lightning Talk

Wave energy is a key factor in the coastal environment as it influences multiple components including erosion and hydrodynamics. This importance highlights the need for wave climates to be considered in the design of conservation and restoration projects. Currently, the majority of site specific wave climate considerations are determined through th...

Oral Presentation

We estimate the effect on sales price of a FORTIFIED Home designation for residential properties in two coastal Alabama counties. Our empirical strategy is to approximate an experiment using matching and hedonic regression with a rich set of property characteristics to develop a reasonable counterfactual. Our data, which span the years 2012-2019, c...

3-Minute Lightning Talk

As living shorelines become more well-known as an alternative to shoreline armoring, the need to explain the benefits of and what living shorelines are is replaced by questions about design, permitting, and costs. To answer these questions, the Green Infrastructure Working Group (GIWG) – a sub-group of the Gulf of Mexico Climate & Resilience Comm...

3-Minute Lightning Talk

Low Impact Development (LID) is an approach to land development that preserves natural resources and uses natural processes in a designed approach to slow, disburse, and filter stormwater close to its source to allow for soil infiltration, thereby preventing flooding and protecting the water quality in our rivers, bays, and bayous. Commercial sites...

3-Minute Lightning Talk